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THE EFFECT OF HEALTH EDUCATION WITH AUDIO-VISUAL MEDIA TOWARD EXTERNAL GENITAL HYGIENE BEHAVIORS TO PREGNANT WOMEN IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE OF MALANG WORKING AREA

Ulfa Fauziyah Hayati, Fransiska Imavike Fevriasanty, Muladefi Choiriyah

Abstract


External genital hygiene is an important part to prevent pregnancy infection. In Indonesia, 75% of
genital infection occurance is caused by poor hygiene behaviour. Genital infections causes premature
labor, PROM, and neonatal death. Although health education has been given based on visual
approaches, 60,9% of pregnant women still have a poor genital hygiene behaviour. The usage of
audio-visual media is expectable to improve genital hygiene behaviour of pregnant women. This
research is aimed to determine the effect of audio-visual media usagetoward genital hygiene
behaviour to pregnant women. Quasy experimental studies using nonrandomizedpretest-posttest
control group design and divided into intervention group with audio-visual media and leaflet (n=10)
and control group with leaflet (n=10). Samples were selected by accidental-sampling method. Data
were collected by questionnaires. The results showed that the increase score of intervention group
afterbeing given the education is 4.0(Paired t-Test, p-value=0.000). On the control group, the increase
score afterbeing given the education is 1.6(Paired t-Test, p-value=0.005). The result of Unpaired t-Test
on the intervention and control group showed that the p-value is 1.000 (p-value>0.05). The
conclusion is there is not behaviour difference of external genital hygiene on the intervention and
control group. The audio-visual media and leaflet usage has a significant effect in improving genital
hygiene behavior of pregnant women. It is suggested for researchers to add the usage of education
media as aids equipment to measure hygiene behaviour of pregnant women more objective.
Keywords: health education, audio-visual, genital hygiene behaviors, pregnant women


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