Javanese Elderly’s Responses of Stres Due to Neglect by Families: A Phenomenological Study

Authors

  • Dyah Putri Aryati Universitas Muhammadiyah Pekajangan Pekalongan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jik.2021.009.01.4

Keywords:

Elderly Stres, Javanese culture, Elderly neglect, Qualitative

Abstract

Elderly neglect is a global issue in the health sector. In terms of Javanese culture, neglect of the elderly relates closely to relationship between parents and children. This kind of relationship is shown by the respect of children to their parents as a form of filial piety. Every child should have a sense of responsibility to take care of his parents in the future so that no parent will be neglected. Neglect that happen to the elderly for a long time can cause negatif impacts, one of them is stress. The purpose of this study was to describe the stress responses experienced by Javanese elderly due to neglect. This research method was descriptive qualitative phenomenology. The research sample was 7 Javanese elderlies who experienced stress and neglect. The sample was chosen by a purposive sampling technique. The research data were gathered by interview guideline, field note, and tape recorder. Interview method is semi-structure interview method and observation. The collected data were analyzed by using a Colaizzi analysis. The results of the study can be classified into two themes, the positive and the negative responses of Javanese elderly to stress due to family neglect. The role of community nurses is crucial in making promotion and preventive intervention related to neglect of the elderly. In addition, the development of intervention such as supportive group discussion is needed to reduce stress levels in the elderly.

References

  • Alligood, M. R. (2018). Pakar teori keperawatan dan karya mereka (A. Y. S. Hamid & K. Ibrahim (eds.); 8th ed.). Elsevier Singapore Pte Ltd.
  • Andries, A. M. (2011). Positive and negative emotions within the organizational context. Global Journal of Human Social Science, 11(9), 26–39. http://www.socialscienceresearch.org/index.php/GJHSS/article/view/224
  • Badan Pusat Statistik. (2019). Statistik penduduk lanjut usia di Indonesia 2019. In Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia di Indonesia 2019.
  • Barnard, A., Schurink, W., & De Beer, M. (2008). A conceptual framework of integrity. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 34(2), 40–49. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v34i2.427
  • Dewe, P. (1997). The transactional model of stress: some implications for stress management programs. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 35(2), 41–51. https://doi.org/10.1177/103841119703500205
  • Dewi, S. (2014). Buku ajar keperawatan gerontik (1st ed.). Deepublish.
  • Efendi, F., & Makhfudli. (2009). Keperawatan Kesehatan Komunitas Teori dan Praktik dalam Keperawatan. Salemba Medika.
  • Herusatoto, B. (2008). Simbolisme jawa. Ombak Yogyakarta.
  • Irawan, M., Prasetyo, K. B., & Arsi, A. A. (2016). Pergeseran Nilai Orang Tua Di Kalangan Masyarakat Jawa (Studi Pada Lansia Yang Tinggal Di Panti Wredha Dharma Bhakti Surakarta). Solidarity, 5(2).
  • Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2013). Buletin jendela data dan informasi kesehatan: topik utama gambaran kesehatan lanjut usia di Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
  • Kurniawan, A. P., & Hasanat, N. U. (2007). Perbedaan ekspresi emosi pada beberapa tingkat generasi suku jawa di Yogyakarta. Jurnal Psikologi, 34(1), 1–17.
  • Maryam, R. S., Ekasari, M., Rosidawati, Junaedi, A., & Batubara, I. (2008). Mengenal usia lanjut dan perawatannya. Salemba Medika.
  • Maurier, F., & Smith, C. (2005). Community public health nursing practice: Health for families and populations (3rd ed.). Elsevier-Saunders.
  • Musradinur. (2016). Stres dan cara mengatasinya dalam perspektif psikologi. Jurnal Edukasi, 2(July), 183–200. https://doi.org/10.22373/je.v2i2.815
  • Nadhiroh, Y. F. (2015). Pengendalian emosi (Kajian religio-psikologis tentang psikologi manusia). Jurnal Saintifika Islamicaslamica, 2(1), 53–63.
  • O Donovan, R., Doody, O., & Lyons, R. (2014). The effect of stress on health and its implications for nursing. British Journal of Nursing, 22(16), 969–973. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2013.22.16.969
  • Pauw, L. S., Sauter, D. A., van Kleef, G. A., & Fischer, A. H. (2019). Stop crying! The impact of situational demands on interpersonal emotion regulation. Cognition and Emotion, 0(0), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2019.1585330
  • Prabasari, N. A., Juwita, L., & Maryuti, I. A. (2017). Pengalaman keluarga dalam merawat lansia di rumah. Jurnal Ners LENTERA, 5(1), 56–68.
  • Ramlah. (2011). Hubungan pelaksanaan tugas kesehatan dan dukungan keluarga dengan pengabaian lansia di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kassi-Kassi Makasar. Universitas Indonesia.
  • Rismanda, F. (2014). Studi dekskriptif kekerasan pada lansia dalam keluarga di Desa Tandang Kecamatan Tembalang Semarang. FIKKeS Jurnal Keperawatan F, 7(2), 1–12.
  • Setiawan, A., Budiatmodjo, E., Ramadani, K. D., & Sari, N. R. (2015). Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia Indonesia 2015. Badan Pusat Statistik, 414. https://www.bps.go.id/publikasi/view/4317
  • Setiyowati, N. (2017). “Suwungâ€: Pola penyelesaian masalah kaum sufi suku Jawa di Kota Malang. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat, 3(2), 109. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu22016-66
  • Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2004). Community and public health nursing. Mosby.
  • Wijayanti, R., Sahar, J., & Sutanto. (2007). Hubungan antara dukungan keluarga melalui mnteraksi sosial, upaya penyediaan tansportasi, finansial, dan dukungan dalam menyiapkan makanan dengan respon kehilangan pada lansia di Desa Pekaja, Kalibagor Kabupaten Banyumas. Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman (The Soedirman Journal of Nursing), 2(1), 17–23.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-31

Issue

Section

Articles