Nurses’ Experiences with Work and Family Conflict During the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study
Keywords:Work and family conflicts, Covid-19 pandemic, Nurses
The Covid-19 pandemic impacts all aspects of life and all fields of the profession, including nurses, where this can affect physical and psychological health, which impacts the emergence of various new problems, including work and family conflicts. This study aims to explore work and family conflicts experienced by nurses during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study used a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach to get an in-depth picture of the experiences of nurses who experience conflict at work and conflict in the family during the Covid-19 pandemic. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with 12 participants who were taken using the purposive sampling technique. Participants were female and male nurses who work in isolation and non-isolation rooms. Data analysis was carried out thematically inductively through six stages, namely data introduction, code identification, determining the initial theme, reviewing the theme, defining and naming the theme, and the last step is to making a report. The results showed that five themes were identified, namely, (1) role conflict, (2) conflict with family and the surrounding environment, (3) heavy role demands, (4) accepting and undergoing multiple roles, and (5) support in carrying out multiple roles. With the discovery of several new conflicts due to the Covid-19 pandemic, both conflicts at work and conflicts in the family, it is essential for a nurse to adapt to stay balanced in carrying out obligations both as someone professional in their field and as a housewife.
Aperribai, L., Cortabarria, L., Aguirre, T., Verche, E., & Borges, Á. (2020). Teacher’s Physical Activity and Mental Health During Lockdown Due to the COVID-2019 Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 11.
Alligood, M. R. (2014). Nursing theory & their work (8th ed). The CV Mosby Company St. Louis. Toronto. Missouri: Mosby Elsevier. Inc. p.appr263-282.
Asiedu, E. E. A., Annor, F., Amponsah-Tawiah, K., & Dartey-Baah, K. (2018). Juggling family and professional caring: Role demands, work-family conflict and burnout among registered nurses in Ghana. Nursing Open, 5(4), 611–620.
Cahyadi, I., Ibrahim, I. D. K., Abdurrahman, A., & Fariqi, Z. A. (2021). Pengaruh Konflik Pekerjaan Keluarga Terhadap Kinerja Perawat Dimediasi Stres Kerja Pada Rumah Sakit Jiwa Provinsi NTB. SULTANIST: Jurnal Manajemen Dan Keuangan, 9(1), 25–38.
Chen, Xi., Qiuping Li., Fengxia Xu., &Binru Han. (2021). The mediating role of resilience between work-family conflict and career development among Chinese nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study. Wiley Online Library : Journal of Nursing management, 29(6), 1733-1741.
Ekici, D., Cerit, K., & Mert, T. (2017). Factors That Influence Nurses’ Work-Family Conflict, Job Satisfaction, and Intention to Leave in a Private Hospital in Turkey. Hospital Practices and Research, 2(4), 102–108.
Insan, M. Y. (2019). Pengaruh Konflik Kerja Keluarga Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Stres Kerja Pada Perawat Rumah Sakit Wulan Windy Medan. Jurnal Bisnis Dan Kajian Strategi Manajemen, 3(2), 2.
Indra, I. P. (2018). Pengaruh Beban Kerja dan Dukungan Sosial terhadap Burnout pada Perawat RSUD Dr. Achmad Darwis Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota [Skripsi, Universitas Negeri Padang]. http://repository.unp.ac.id/16090/.
Komalasari, Y., Krismawintari, N. P. D., & Utama, I. G. B. R. (2020). Female Nurse Performance Model Based on Triple Roles Conflict and Job Stress in Pandemic COVID-19. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 10, 448–454.
Lai, J., Ma S., Wang, Y., Cai, Z., Hu, J., Wei, N., Wu., J., Du, H., Chen, T., Li, R., Tan, H., Kang, L., Yao, L., Huang, M., Wang, G., Liu, Z., & Hu, S. (2020). Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Network Open, 3(3), 1-12.
Mo, T., Deng, L., Zhang, L., Lang, Q., Liao, C., Wang, N., Qin, M., & Huang, H. (2020). Work stress among Chinese nurses to support Wuhan for fighting against the Covid-19 epidemic. Journal of Nursing Management, 28(5), 1002-1009.
Pohan, R. D., & Ritha Z. Tarigan. (2021). The effect of multiple role conflict and work stress on the performance of female nurses and Permata Bunda General Hospital, Medan. Journal of Economics and Business (JECOMBI), 1(2), 162-170.
Putra, P. S. P., & Susilawati, L. K. P. A. (2018). Hubungan antara dukungan sosial dan self efficacy dengan tingkat stres pada perawat di rumah sakit umum Pusat Sanglah. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 5(1),145-157.
Siswadi, Y., Radiman, R., Tupti, Z., & Jufrizen, J. (2021). Faktor determinan stress kerja dan kinerja perawat. Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen dan Bisnis, 22(1), 17-34.
Thania, I., Pritasari, S. P., Theresia, V., Tesha, Suryaputra, A. F., & Yosua, I. (2021). Stres akibat Konflik Peran Ganda dan Coping Stress pada Ibu yang Bekerja dari Rumah selama Pandemi. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi MIND SET, 1(01), 25–50.
Wardani, R. F. (2019). Multi peran perempuan dalam keluarga. Jurnal Sosiologi, 2(2), 65-72.
Weken, M. E., Mongan, A. E., & Kekenusa, J. S. (2020). Hubungan antara Beban Kerja, Konflik Peran, dan Dukungan Sosial dengan Stres Kerja Pada Guru di Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri 1 Manado Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Indonesian Journal of Public Health and Community Medicine, 1(4), 80–88.
Worhmann, A. M., Muller, Grit., &Ewert, Kathrin. (2020). Review Sistematik: Shift work and work-family conflict. ARTICLE: SOZIAL POLITIK. CH, 3, 1-26.
Yanti, N. K. F. M., & Yudhaningsih, N. M. (2021). Pengaruh konflik peran ganda dan stress kerja terhadap kinerja perawat. Jurnal Satyagraha, 4(1), 47-64.
Zhang, Y., Yang, M., & Wang, R. (2021). Factors associated with work-family enrichment among Chinese nurses assisting Wuhan's fight against the 2019 COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of clinical nursing, 10.1111/jocn.15677.
Zurlo, M. C., Vallone, F., & Smith, A. P. (2020). Work–family conflict and psychophysical health conditions of nurses: Gender differences and moderating variables. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 17(3).
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Nursing Science Update
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors published in this journal agree to the following terms:
- The copyright of each article is held by its author.
- Author grants the journal first publication rights with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License or CC BY-NC 4.0 license, allowing others to share the work with acknowledgment of authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors may enter into separate additional contractual agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the published journal version of the work (for example, posting it to an institutional repository or publishing it in a book), with acknowledgment of their initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in an Institutional Repository or on their website) before and during the submission process, as this can result in a productive exchange, as well as earlier and larger citations of the published work.
- Articles and all related material published are distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License or CC BY-NC 4.0 license.
All articles in this journal are the sole responsibility of the author. Journal of Nursing Science Update (JNSU) provides open access to anyone so that the information and findings in this article are useful for everyone. JNSU can be accessed and downloaded free of charge, free of charge, subject to Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License or CC BY-NC 4.0 license .
JNSU is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License or CC BY-NC 4.0 license.