THE DEAD OF MILD AND MODERATE HEAD INJURY
Keywords:Head Injury, Glasgow Coma Scale, Outcome
The head injury is one of the accidents causing death and disability. Head injuries include in the top 10 most surgical diseases in the Emergency Department of Ulin Hospital Banjarmasin. From January to September 2017, head injured patients amounted to 974 cases. Patients dominated by mild head injury with GCS were 13-15. Patients with head injuries come with severe GCS and some die on the same day of head injury occurrence, but others get intensive care. This research to find out the relationship between GCS on admission and outcome of head injury patient in Emergency Department (ED) of Ulin Hospital Banjarmasin, ED of Idaman Hospital Banjarbaru and ED of Ratu Zalecha Martapura. This research used non-experiment method in cohort way with consecutive sampling for its sample collecting technique from 56 respondents who are the head injury patients in 3 hospital emergency departments. The analysis of relationship between GCS score on admission and outcome of head injury patient using fisher exact test obtained the significance value (2-tailed) of 0.006 < 0.5 which means that H0 is rejected, so there is relationship between GCS score on admission and outcome. The higher the score of GCS on admission, the better outcome received.
- Arnold, CD. 2013. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan outcome pasien pasca operasi hematoma epidural (EDH), Fakultas kedokteran Universitas Andalas.
- Azwar, Muhammad. Gambaran cedera kepala dengan komplikasi perdarahan epidural di RSU dokter soedarso Pontianak. Skripsi universitas tanjung pura. 2011.
- Bhangu, A, Caroline L dan Keith P. 2010. Emergencies in Trauma, Oxford University Press.
- Cameron, Peter et al. 2015. Textbook of adult emergency medicine fourth edition, Elsevier.
- Campbell, JE. 2012. International trauma life support for emergency care providers seventh edition, Pearson.
- Grace, PA. dan Neil R. 2007. At a Glance Ilmu Bedah. Alih bahasa Vidia Umami, Editor Amalia S Edisi 3. Jakarta; Erlangga.
- Grigorakos, Leonidas et al. Predictors of outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Journal of neuroscience and clinical research. 2016: 1(1).
- Keogh J, Donna J dan Marry D. 2014. Keperawatan medikal bedah demystified. Rafha Publishing. 2014.
- Kumar, Arvind et al. Fatal road traffic accidents and their relationship with head injuries: An epidemiological survey of five years, Indian Journal of Neurotrauma (IJNT) 2008: 5(2); 63-67.
- Landes, M et al. Epidemiology, clinical characteristics and outcomes of head injured patients in an Ethiopian emergency center, African journal of emergency medicine 7. 2017: 130-134.
- Mattox, KL, Ernest EM dan David VF. 2012. Trauma seventh edition, Newyork; mcgrawhill.
- Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013 Departemen esehatan republik Indonesia. Akses 21 maret 2017 13.00 wita.
- Salim, C. Sistem penilaian trauma. 2015; 42(9).
- Seid, M et al. Injury Characteristics and outcome of road traffic Accident among Victims at Adult Emergency Departement of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital Addis
- Ababa, Ethiopia: A Perspective Hospital Based Study. BMC Emergency Medicine. 2015; 15(10).
- Sharma BR et al. Fatal road traffic injuries in northern India can they be prevented? Trends in medical research 2007: 2(3); 142-148.
- Smelther dan Bare. 2001. Buku ajar keperawatan medikal bedah volume 3. Jakarta: EGC.
- Sudoyo, AW. 2006. Ilmu penyakit dalam jilid 1. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.
- Sumanto, 2014. Psikologi perkembangan, Yogyakarta; Center of academic publishing service (CAPS).
- Suriadi, RY. 2001. Asuhan keperawatan pada anak. Jakarta; EGC.
- Widyaswara, et al. Analisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan outcome pasien cedera kepaloa di igd prof. dr. margono soekardjo purwokerto, Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan 2016; 12(3).
- Yutami, A, Kenanga MS dan Asnawati. Hubungan skor glasgow coma scale (GCS) dengan jumlah trombosit pada pasien cedera kepala di IGD RSUD ulin banjarmasin. Berkala kedokteran. 2016: 12(2).
Authors published in this journal agree to the following terms:
- The copyright of each article is held by its author.
- Author grants the journal first publication rights with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License or CC BY-NC 4.0 license, allowing others to share the work with acknowledgment of authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors may enter into separate additional contractual agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the published journal version of the work (for example, posting it to an institutional repository or publishing it in a book), with acknowledgment of their initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in an Institutional Repository or on their website) before and during the submission process, as this can result in a productive exchange, as well as earlier and larger citations of the published work.
- Articles and all related material published are distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License or CC BY-NC 4.0 license.
All articles in this journal are the sole responsibility of the author. Journal of Nursing Science Update (JNSU) provides open access to anyone so that the information and findings in this article are useful for everyone. JNSU can be accessed and downloaded free of charge, free of charge, subject to Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License or CC BY-NC 4.0 license .
JNSU is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License or CC BY-NC 4.0 license.