EFFECTIVENESS OF MINDFULNESS-BASED COGNITIVE THERAPY (MBCT) TOWARDS DEPRESSION

Maria Julieta Esperanca Naibili, Iman Permana

Abstract


Depression is a common mental disorder that is leading cause of disability in the world by 2020 and a major contributor to overall global disease burden. Globally, more than 300 million people of all ages suffer from depression and more women. Depression can affect aspects of life including psychological, physical, and social. MBCT teaches patients through the mind, feelings, and body sensations to see an event temporarily without treating the event as an accurate reality. The aim of this study was to providing information about effectiveness of  MBCT towards depression. The relevant health databases include PubMed, Science Direct, Garuda, Emerald Insight, EBSCO, Google Scholar, Google Search, ProQuest, searched using a combination of keywords: 'mindfulness-based cognitive therapy' and 'depression' and 'randomized controlled trial'. The result were The electronic search of the database identified 633 articles relating to MBCT. Furthermore, checking for duplicate and published articles, 620 criteria-filled studies, 128 full texts of 128 articles, 118 did not meet inclusion criteria for reasons not to investigate MBCT (n = 61), participants were not depressed / depressive disorder (n = 39) not a randomized controlled trial design (n = 14) published in letters, comments, editorials (n = 4). Then, the full text of the manuscripts included in the review amounted to 11 articles. In conclusion MBCT is an effective, acceptable, feasible, accessible, applicable form of mental health psychotherapy that aims to reduce symptoms of depression, anxiety, emotional distress and improve quality of life, improve social well-being, and improve psychological well-being.


Keywords


Depression; Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy; Randomized Controlled Trial

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jik.2020.008.01.6

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