Quality of Sleep Among Elderly with Hypertension at Werdha Institusion in West Java Province

Authors

  • Wening Handayani Padjadjaran University
  • Mamat Lukman Padjadjaran University
  • Citra Windani Mambang Sari Padjadjaran University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jik.2021.009.01.17

Keywords:

Hypertension, Sleep Quality, Elderly

Abstract

Elderly are particularly vulnerable groups that is prone to experiencing a decline in health related to a physiological decline. Vulnerability such as changes in structure of blood vessel walls lead to increased incidence of hypertension. Moreover, in uncontrolled conditions, elderly with hypertension can suffer symptoms of sleeping disorder, changes of sleep pattern that triggers the increasing of blood pressure and affect sleep quality. The purpose of this descriptive quantitative research was to describe the sleep quality of elderly with hypertension based on seven components of sleep quality assessment.  The research design used a descriptive quantitative with a cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted at Ciparay and Garut Elderly Social Rehabilitation Centre, with number of the sample obtained 37 elderlies who were elected by total sampling technique. The result of this study showed that 89,2% of respondents had poor sleep quality. Several conditions that stimulate poor sleep quality in the elderly come from high blood pressure which causes sleep disturbances, thereby changing several sleep components such as short sleep duration less than 6 hours, sleep latency 15-30 minutes, decreased sleep efficiency below 85%, and activity dysfunction in daytime.  Future research is expected to be able to modify sleep quality measuring instruments that are specifically used to measure the quality of sleep for people with hypertension.

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2021-05-31

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