Literature Study: Effectiveness of Benson Relaxation on Anxiety in Hemodialysis Patients

Authors

  • Aprilia Kartika Sari Program Profesi Ners, Program Studi Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Dian Hudiyawati Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jik.2021.009.02.3

Keywords:

Benson Relaxation, Anxiety, Hemodialysis Patient

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a disease of kidney function disorders that occurs when the body fails to maintain metabolism, fluid, and electrolyte balance which can cause retention of urea and nitrogen waste in the blood. One of the treatments for patients with kidney failure is hemodialysis, but it can also cause psychological issues such as anxiety. Benson relaxation is a nursing intervention that can reduce anxiety. The purpose of this literature is to determine the effectiveness of the Benson relaxation method in reducing anxiety in patients undergoing hemodialysis. The study is a literature review that was conducted using databases such as PubMed, Elsevier, ScienceDirect, Portal Garuda, and Google Scholar, yielding ten articles. The findings indicate that Benson's relaxation therapy is effective in reducing the anxiety level of hemodialysis patients. This exercise will stimulate the brain to release alpha waves that cause humans to feel happy, calm, and feel comfortable. Therefore, Benson relaxation is recommended as an additional intervention for reducing anxiety in hemodialysis patients.

References

Agustiya, N., Hudiyawati, D., & Purnama, A. P. (2020). Pengaruh Efektivitas Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Kecemasan pada Pasien yang Menjalani Hemodialisa di Unit Hemodialisa. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Keperawatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 62–68.

Alfarisi, W., Hartoyo, M., & Wulandari. (2015). Efektifitas Pemberian Aromaterapi Lavender dan Musik Instrumental Relaksasi Terhadap Kecemasan Pasien Hemodialisa Di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Tugurejo Semarang. Karya Ilmiah STIKES Telogorejo Semarang, 1–9.

Anisah, I. N., & Maliya, A. (2021). Efektivitas Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Kecemasan Pasien Yang Menjalani Hemodialisa. Berita Ilmu Keperawatan, 14(1), 57–64.

Arintokol, G., Maliya, A., & Kusnanto. (2019). Efektifitas Pemberian Terapi Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Pasien dengan Kecemasan yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di RSUD Ir. Soekarno Sukoharjo. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Keperawatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 15–16.

Aryana, K. O., & Novitasari, D. (2013). Pengaruh Teknik Relaksasi Benson terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Stres Lansia di Unit Rehabilitasi Sosial Wening Wardoyo Ungaran. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa, 1(2), 186–195.

Bouya, S., Ahmadidarehsima, S., Badakhsh, M., Balouchi, A., & koochakzai, M. (2018). Effect of Aromatherapy Interventions on Hemodialysis Complications: A Systematic Review. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 32(April), 130–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.06.008.

Elali, E. S., Mahdavi, Ali, Jannati, Y., Yazdani, J., & Setareh, J. (2012). Effect of Benson Relaxation Response on Stress Among in Hemodialysis Patients. J-Mazand-Univ-Med-Sci, 22(91), 61–68.

Elsayed, E. B. M., Radwan, E. H. M., Elashri, N. I. E. A., & El-Gilany, A.-H. (2019). The Effect of Benson’s Relaxation Technique on Anxiety, Depression and Sleep Quality of Elderly Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. International Journal of Nursing Didactics, 09(02), 23–31. https://doi.org/10.15520/ijnd.v9i02.2443.

Far, N. H., Salari, M., Rakhshani, M. H., Borzoee, F., & Sahebkar, M. (2020). The Effects of Benson Relaxation Technique on Activities of Daily Living in Hemodialysis Patients; A Single-Blind, Randomized, Parallel-Group, Controlled Trial Study. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 39(February), 101133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.101133.

Faruq, M., Purwanti, O., & Purnama, A. (2020). Efek Relaksasi Benson dalam Menurunkan Kecemasan Pasien yang Menjalani Hemodialisa. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Sai Betik, 16(1), 24 - 29. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.26630/jkep.v16i1.1895.

Gorji, H. A., Davanloo, A. A., & Heidarigorji, A. M. (2014). The Efficacy of Relaxation Training on Stress, Anxiety, and Pain Perception in Hemodialysis Patients. Indian Journal of Nephrology, 24(6), 356–361. https://doi.org/10.4103/0971-4065.132998.

Harahap, S. (2018). Faktor-Faktor Risiko Kejadian Gagal Ginjal Kronik (GGK) di Ruang Hemodialisa (HD) RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan. Jurnal Online Keperawatan Indonesia, 1(1), 92–109.

Hasanah, U., & Inayati, A. (2021). Relaksasi Benson Menurunkan Tingkat Kecemasan pada Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronik yang Menjalani Hemodialisis. Jurnal Ilmiah Permas: Jurnal Ilmiah STIKES Kendal, 11(1), 207-212.

Heshmatifar, N., Sadeghi, H., Mahdavi, A., Nakhaie, S. M. R., & Rakhshani, M. H. (2015). The Effect of Benson Relaxation Technique on Depression in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences, 17(8), 34–40. https://doi.org/10.22088/jbums.17.8.34.

Hudiyawati, D., Muhlisin, A., & Ibrahim, N. (2019). Effectiveness of Progressive Muscle Relaxation In Reducing Depression, Anxiety And Stress Among Haemodialysis Patients Attending A Public Hospital at Central Java Indonesia. IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 18(3), 3–10. https://doi.org/10.31436/imjm.v18i3.185.

Katerina, K., Syabariah, S., & Kawuryan, U. (2019). Pengaruh Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Pasien yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di Unit Hemodialisa RSUD Dr. Seodarso. Konas 2019 Lampung, 4(1), 114–119.

Kurniasari, A. N., Kustanti, A., & Harmilah, H. (2016). The Effect Benson Relaxation Technique with Anxiety in Hemodialysis Patients in Yogyakarta. Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices, 1(1), 40-47.

Musa, W., Kundre, R., & Babakal, A. (2015). Hubungan Tindakan Hemodialisa Dengan Tingkat Kecemasan Klien Gagal Ginjal Di Ruangan Dahlia Rsud Prof Dr.R. Kandou Manado. Jurnal Keperawatan UNSRAT, 3(1), 109151.

Otaghi, M., Borji, M., Bastami, S., & Solymanian, L. (2016). The Effect of Benson’s Relaxation on depression, anxiety and stress in patients undergoing hemodialysis. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences, 5(12), 76–83.

Padillah, N. N. (2019). Pengaruh Teknik Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Pada Pasien Pre Operasi Katarak. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Sai Betik, 14(2), 129.

Patimah, I., S, S., & Nuraeni, A. (2015). Pengaruh Relaksasi Dzikir terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronis yang Menjalani Hemodialisa. Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran, 3(1).

Mohammadpourhodki, R., Sadeghnezhad, H., Ebrahimi, H., Basirinezhad, M. H., Maleki, M., & Bossola, M. (2021). The Effect of Aromatherapy Massage With Lavender and Citrus Aurantium Essential Oil on Quality of Life of Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis: A Parallel Randomized Clinical Trial Study. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 61(3), 456-463.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.08.032.

Puspanegara, A. (2019). Pengaruh Usia Terhadap Hubungan Mekanisme Koping Dengan Kecemasan Ketika Menjalani Terapi Hemodialisa Bagi Para Penderita Gagal Ginjal Kronik Di Kabupaten Kuningan Jawa Barat. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Bhakti Husada: Health Sciences Journal, 10(2), 135–142. https://doi.org/10.34305/jikbh.v10i2.102.

Rahman, Z., Pujiati, W., & Saribu, H. J. D. (2020). Pengaruh Teknik Benson Relaksasi Terhadap Intensitas Nyeri Insersi AV Fistula Pasien Hemodialisa di RS-BLUD Kota Tanjung Pinang. Jurnal Menara Medika, 2(2), 128–138.

Rambod, M., Pourali-mohammadi, N., Pasyar, N., Rafii, F., & Sharif, F. (2013). The Effect of Benson’s Relaxation Technique on The Quality of Sleep of Iranian Hemodialysis Patients : A Randomized Trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 21(6), 577–584. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2013.08.009.

National Kidney Foundation. (2015). KDOQI Clinical Practice Guideline for Hemodialysis Adequacy: 2015 update. American Journal of Kidney Diseases: The Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation, 66(5), 884–930. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2015.07.015.

Rohmawati, D. (2017). Pengaruh Teknik Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Kecemasan pada Pasien yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di Instalasi Hemodialisis RSD dr Soebandi Jember. Jember: Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember.

Rohmawati, I., Nursalam, & Santy, W. H. (2019). Pengaruh Kombinasi Relaksasi Benson dengan Murottal AlQuran Terhadap Tingkat Cemas dan Stress pada Klien Hemodialisis di RS Islam Jemursari. Jurnal Keperawatan, 03(01), 7.

Roxiana, R., Fauziah, H., & Prima, A. (2020). Penerapan Terapi Relaksasi Benson pada Pasien Pre Operasi yang Mengalami Kecemasan di Ruang Teratai RSUD dr. Chasbullah Abdulmadjid Kota Bekasi. 1–8. https://doi.org/10.31227/osf.io/rq6eb.

Satriana, & Feriani, P. (2020). Efektivitas Teknik Relaksasi Benson dan Terapi Genggam Jari terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan pada Pasien Laparatomi di Ruang Mawar RSUD A. Wahab Sjahranie. Borneo Student Research, 1(3), 1731–1737.

Septiwi, C. (2012). Pengaruh Breathing Exercise Terhadap Level Fatigue Pasien Hemodialisis Di RSPAD Gatot Subroto Jakarta Cahyu Septiwi Jurusan Keperawatan STIKES Muhammadiyah Gombong. Gombong: STIKES Muhammadiyah Gombong.

Suwanto, A. W., Sugiyorini, E., & Wiratmoko, H. (2020). Efektifitas Relaksasi Benson dan Slow Stroke Back Massage Terhadap Penurunan Kecemasan Pada Pasien Hemodialisa. Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences, 4(2), 91–98. https://doi.org/10.24269/ijhs.v4i2.2309.

Tanrewali, M. S., & Wahyuningsih. (2019). Pengalaman Pengobatan dan Kecemasan pada Pasien Kanker di Awal Bros Hospital Makassar. Journal of Health, Education and Literacy, 2(1),14–18. https://doi.org/10.31605/j-healt.v2i1.440.

Teles, F., de Azevedo, V., Miranda, C., Miranda, M., Teixeira, M., & Elias, R. (2014). Depression in Hemodialysis Patients: The Role of Dialysis Shift. Clinics, 69(3), 198–202. https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2014(03)10.

Widiyanto, Herman, & Parliani. (2018). Pengaruh Teknik Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Insomnia pada Pasien yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di RSU Yarsi Pontianak. Pontianak: STIK Muhammadiyah Pontianak.

Zees, R. F., & Lapradja, L. (2021). Efektifitas Terapi Guide Imagery Terhadap Kecemasan Pasien Hemodialisa. Jambura Health and Sport Journal, 3(1), 32–41. https://doi.org/10.37311/jhsj.v3i1.9863.

Downloads

Published

2021-12-02

Issue

Section

Articles