CORRELATION BETWEEN PREGNANT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY WITH PREECLAMPSIA IN WORKING AREA OF TEMPUREJO PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER, JEMBER

Authors

  • Desi Trisari University of Jember
  • Dini Kurniawati
  • Peni Perdani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jik.2019.007.02.1

Keywords:

Pregnancy, Physical Activity, Preeclampsia

Abstract

Preeclampsia is one of pregnancy complication which is the biggest cause of maternal and infant mortality. The cause is not yet known but many risk factors can affect the occurrence of preeclampsia, one of which is physical activity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between the physical activity of pregnant women with the incidence of preeclampsia in the work area Tempurejo Public Health Center, Jember. The research design used in this study was analytical-survey with a cross-sectional approach. Respondents in this study were 77 pregnant women taken by total sampling. Data collection was conducted using PPAQ (Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire) and maternal and child health book. Data analysis was performed using the chi-square test. This study found that 39 respondents (50,6%) showed good physical activity. The chi-square test showed no correlation between the physical activity of pregnant women and the incidence of preeclampsia in the work area of Tempurejo Community Health Center, Jember with the p-value 0.557 (P > α = 0,05). There is no difference in physical activity between preeclampsia and non-preeclampsia women because all respondents are included in the mild preeclampsia group. In mild preeclampsia, subjective symptoms are not felt by pregnant women so that some pregnant women do not limit physical activity and pregnant women who work still do work activities such as normal pregnant women. Health workers are expected to provide nursing care related to the prevention of preeclampsia way through education and routine antenatal care.

References

  • Ahmed, M.A. et al. 2018. Hepatitis B Infection And Preeclampsia Among Pregnant Sudanese Women. Virology Journal. Virology Journal.15(1). pp. 18–21. doi: 10.1186/s12985-018-0927-5.
  • Asmana, S.K. Et al. 2016. Hubungan Usia dan Paritas dengan Kejadian PreeklampsiaBerat di Rumah Sakit Achmad Mochtar Bukittinggi Tahun 2012 -2013. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas; 5(3). http://jurnal.fk.unand.ac.id
  • Cunningham, F. 2013. Hipertensi dalam Kehamilan Edisi 18. Jakarta: EGC.
  • Elsanti, D., Yulistika, D., Yuliarti. (2016). Hubungan Antara Tingkat Stress Dan Aktivitas Fisik Terhadap Kejadian Pre Eklamsi Pada Ibu Hamil Di Wilayah Puskesmas Kalibagor. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan PKM Kesehatan Vol 6, No.1.
  • Ghojazadeh, M. et al. 2013. Prognostic Risk Factors For Early Diagnosing Of Preeclampsia In Nulliparas. Nigerian medical journal : journal of the Nigeria Medical Association. 54(5). pp. 344–8. doi: 10.4103/0300-1652.122368.
  • Henderson, C., Jones, K. (2006) Buku Ajar Konsep Kebidanan. Jakarta: EGC
  • Indriani, N. 2012. Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Preeklampsia/Eklampsia Pada Ibu Bersalin di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kardinah Kota Tegal Tahun 2011.Skripsi.Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Program Studi Kebidanan Komunitas. Depok.
  • Kemenkes, RI. 2014. Pusat Data dan Informasi. Jakarta.
  • Kemenkes, RI. 2016. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. Pusat Data dan Informasi. Jakarta Selatan.
  • Kemenkes, RI. 2017. Profil Kesehatan Jawa Timur Tahun 2016. Surabaya: Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur.
  • Kenny, L. C. et al. 2014. Early Pregnancy Prediction Of Preeclampsia In Nulliparous Women, Combining Clinical Risk And Biomarkers: The Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) International Cohort Study. Hypertension. 64(3), pp. 644–652. doi:
  • 1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.03578.
  • Kurniasih, lidya. 2018. Hubungan Paritas, Jarak Kelahiran dan Riwayat Preeklampsia dengan Kejadian BBLR di RSIA
  • Annisa Kota Jambi Tahun 2017. Universitas Adiwangsa Jambi. Scientia Journal Vol. 7 No. 01.
  • Kusmiati. 2009. Preeklampsia Bisa Berakibat Fatal. Artikel Panduan Kesehatan Anak, Ibu dan Bayi.
  • Lai, J. et al. 2013. Systolic, Diastolic And Mean Arterial Pressure At 30-33 Weeks In The Prediction Of Preeclampsia. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy. 33(3). pp. 173–181. doi: 10.1159/000345950.
  • Luealon, P dan V. Phupong. 2010. Risk Factors of Preeclampsia in Thai Women. J Med Assoc Thai. 96(6).
  • Lombo, G.E., F.W. Wagey., dan L.S. Mamengko. Karakteristik Ibu Hamil Dengan Preeklampsia Di RSUP Prof DE. R.D. Kandou Manado. 1(3). 9-11
  • Lowdermilk,D.L., P.E. Perry., K. Cashion. 2013. Maternity Nursing. Eight Edition. Singapura: Elsevier. Terjemahan Oleh F. Sidartha dan A. Tania. Keperawatan Maternitas. Edisi kedelapan. Indonesia: PT Salemba Emban Patria
  • Manuaba, I. A. Chandranita. 2012. Gawat darurat Obstetri-Ginekologi dan Obstetri-Ginekologi Sosial untuk Profesi Bidan. Jakarta: EGC
  • Nugteren, J. J. et al. 2012. Work-Related Maternal Risk Factors And The Risk Of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension And Preeclampsia During Pregnancy. The Generation R Study. PloS one. 7(6), p. e39263. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039263.
  • POGI. 2005. Pedoman Pengelolaan Hipertensi dalam Kehamilan di Indonesia Edisi 2. Himpunan Kedokteran Feto Maternal POGI. Semarang.
  • Pratiwi, Ika. 2015. Hubungan Paritas dengan Kejadian Preeklampsia Pada Ibu Hamil di RSUD Wonosari. Naskah Publikasi. Yogyakarta: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan ‘Aisyiyah.
  • Prawirohardjo, S. 2013. Ilmu Kebidanan Saewono Prawirohardjo. Jakarta: PT Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo.
  • Roberts, J.M., & Cooper. 2001. Pathogenesis and Genetics of Pre-eclampsia. Lancet. 357, 53-56.
  • Sava, R. I., et al. 2018. Hypertension In Pregnancy: Taking Cues From Pathophysiology For Clinical Practice. Clinical Cardiology. (December 2017), pp. 220–227. doi: 10.1002/clc.22892.
  • Sukaesih, Sri. 2012. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Pengetahuan Ibu Hamil Mengenai Tanda Bahaya dalam Kehamilan di Puskesmas Tegal Selatan Kota Tegal Tahun 2012. Skripsi. Program Sarjana Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia
  • Suliga, E., et al. 2017. Validation of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ). Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne 2017; 33/1
  • Suwanti, Edi Prasetyo Wibowo, & Nur Aini Safitri. (2012) Hubungan Tekanan Darah Dan Paritas Dengan Kejadian Preklampsia Di Ruang Bersalin RSUP NTB Tahun 2012. Media Bina Ilmiah . Volume 8, No. 1, Februari 2014. ISSN No. 1978-3787. Pp 25-30
  • Spracklen, C.N., et al. 2016. Physical Activity During Pregnancy and Subsequent Risk of Preeclampsia and Gestational Hypertension: A Case Control Study. Matern Child Health J. Springer Science Business Media New York.
  • Zhang, S. et al. 2017. Hypertensive Disorders Of Pregnancy In Women With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus On Overweight Status Of Their Children. Journal of Human Hypertension. 31(11), pp. 731–736. doi: 10.1038/jhh.2017.17.
  • Zitouni, H. et al. 2018. Contribution Of Angiotensinogen M235T And T174M Gene Variants And Haplotypes To Preeclampsia And Its Severity In (North African) Tunisians. Journal of the Renin Angiotensin-Aldosterone System. 19(1), p. 147032031775392. doi: 10.1177/1470320317753924.

Downloads

Published

2020-01-15

Issue

Section

Articles